Psychological Factors Affecting EFL Students’ Speaking Performance

Ariyanti Ariyanti

Abstract


Speaking has become one of important skills in learning a language especially English. Particularly, to speak in English for EFL student is not easy and need much effort to produce acceptable utterances in English. This article is aimed to investigate psychological barriers faced by Indonesian students which affect their speaking performance. Moreover, as this research is a qualitative study, direct observation is done to capture all of phenomenon happened in the speaking class in natural setting. In addition, interview is also conducted by the researcher to know what psychological factors influence their oral performance in the class. The research findings from observation and interview show that the students tend to feel anxious when performing their speaking because they are afraid of making mistakes. The feeling of fear of making mistakes, somehow related to the students’ lack of self-esteem in using English so that they often combine their speaking with their mother tongue. Psychological barriers also appear in discussion session, where in this case some students do not want to participate because they are too afraid of making mistakes, lack of self-esteem and motivation so they prefer to keep silent in the class. From the natural phenomenon happened in the speaking class, it can be concluded that psychological factors which hinder the students in performing their speaking are possibly caused by the feeling of too worried of making mistakes and the lack of self-esteem which are related to shyness and their anxiety level. By looking at this phenomenon, it is better for teacher to give their students assistance so that they can perform their English speaking better

Keywords


psychological factors, influence, barriers, speaking performance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al Hosni, Samira. (2014). Speaking Difficulties Encountered by Young EFL Learners. International Journal on Studies in English Language and Literature (IJSELL) Vol 2 Issue 6. ISSN: 2347-3126 (Print) & ISSN: 2347-3134 (Online).

Alonso, Rocio Segura. (2012). The Importance of Teaching Listening and Speaking Skills. Complvtensis University. . Retrieved on 22 July 2016.

Al Othman, Fadel H.M. & Shuqair, Khaled M. (2013). The Impact of Motivation on English Language Learning in the Gulf States. International Journal of Higher Education Vol. 2 No. 4. Published by Sciedu Press. ISSN 1927-6027 E-ISSN 1927-6052.

Aouatef, Belegdair. (2015). The Main Psychological Factors Affecting Learners’ Oral Performance. Case Study: Second Year LMD Students of English. Mohamed Kheider University of Birska. . Retrieved on 20 June, 2016.

Bogdan, Robert C. & Biklen, Sari Knopp. (1992). Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction to Theory and Methods. MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Bourezzane, Nadia. (2014). Some Psychological Factors that Hinder Students’ Participation in Learner-Centered EFL Oral Classroom Activities. Case Study: First Year LMD Students of English. Mohamed Kheider University of Birska. . Retrieved on 20 June, 2016.

Brown, H. Douglas. (1994). Principles of Language Learning and Teaching: Third Edition. San Francisco State University. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall Regents.

Creswell, John W. (1998). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Traditions. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publication Inc.

Dincer, Ali & Yesilyurt, Savas. (2013). Pre-Service English Teachers’ Beliefs on Speaking Skill Based on Motivational Orientations. English Language Teaching Vol 6 No. 7. ISSN 1916-4742. Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education.

Dulay, Heidi, Burt, Marina, & Krashen, Stephen. (1982). Language Two. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Elia, Fitra & Irianti, Dewi. (2015). Psychological Factors that Hinder Students from Speaking in English. J-SHMIC Vol. 2 No. 4.

Fauzan, Umar. (2014). The Use of Improvisation Technique to Improve the Speaking Ability of EFL Students. DINAMIKA ILMU Vol. 14 No. 2.

Fauzan, Umar. (2016). Enhancing Speaking Ability of EFL Students through Debate and Peer Assessment. EFL Journal Vo. 1 No. 1. ISSN: 2502-6054.

Gardner, R. C. (2001). Integrative Motivation and Second Language Acquisition. Honolulu, HI: National Foreign Language Resource Center.

Gay, L. R. Mills, Geoffrey E, & Airasian, Peter. (2006). Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and Applications. Columbus: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.

Haidara, Youssouf. (2014). Psychological Factor Affecting English Speaking Performance for the English Learners in Indonesia. Proceeding International Conference on Educational Research and Evaluation (ICERE). University of Bamako, Mali.

Heide, Adelaide. (1979). The Relationship Between Self-Esteem and the Oral Production of a Second Language. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Michigan.

Hemerka, Vaclav. (2009). Low Speaking Performance in Learners of English. Masaryk University Brno. . Retrieved on 15 June, 2016.

Ingram, David E. & Sasaki, Masako. (2003). The Importance of Communication in English in a Globalised World and in the Field of Medicine. Akita: Akita University. . Retrieved on 22 July, 2016.

Jamila, Marium. (2014). Lack of Confidence: A Psychological Factor Affecting Spoken English of University Level Adult Learners in Bangladesh. Language in India Vol. 14:10. ISSN 1930-2940.

Javed, Muhammad et al. (2013). Comparative Study of the Pakistani and Indonesian Student’s Anxiety Towards the English Language Learning. Middle-East Journal of Acientific Research 18(11). IDOSI Publications. ISSN 1990-9233.

Juhana. (2012). Psychological Factors That Hinders Students from Speaking in English Class (A Case Study in a Senior High School in South Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia). Journal of Education and Practice Vol. 3 No. 12. ISSN 2222-1735.

Latha, B. Madhavi. (2012). Teaching English as a Second Language: Factors Affecting Learning Speaking Skills. International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT) Vol. 1 Issue 7. ISSN: 2278-0181.

Lightbrown, Pasty M. & Spada, Nina. (2001). How Languages are Learned: Second Edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mahripah, Siti. (2014). Exploring Factors Affecting EFL Learners’ Speaking Performance: From Theories to Practice. Proceedings of The 3rd UAD TEFL International Conference. Yogyakarta. Organized by English Education Department, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan. ISBN: 978-602-18907-1-4.

McKay, P. (2008). Assessing Young Language Learners. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mustafa, Elhadi Nasr Elhadi. (2015). Psychological Factors Affecting Sudanese EFL Learners’ Oral Performance. A Case Study of Sudan University of Science and Technology. A thesis of M.A Degree. Sudan University of Science and Technology. . Retrieved on 20 June, 2016.

Ortega, Lourdes. (2009). Understanding Second Language Acquisition. London: HODDER EDUCATION: AN HACHETTE UK COMPANY.

Öztürk, Gökhan and Gürbüz, Nurdan. (2014). Speaking Anxiety among Turkish EFL Learners: The Case t a State University. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies. 10 (1), 1-17.

Patton, Michael Quinn. (1990). Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods: Second Edition. California: SAGE Publications, Inc.

Putri, Pramesthi Lakshita. (2014). A Study on Students’ Anxiety and Its Correlation with the Speaking Performance of XI Grade Students at SMAN 1 KRIAN. Brawijaya University. Jurnal Mahasiswa Ilmu Budaya Vol. 6 No. 15.

Richard, J.C. (2008). Teaching Listening and Speaking: From Theory to Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Zia, Ziaurahman & Sulan, Norrihan. (2015). EFL Learners’ Levels of Classroom Performance Anxieties and Their Causes in Classroom Speaking Activities in Afganistan. International Journal of English and Education Vol. 2 Issue 1. ISSN: 2278-4012.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21462/asiantefl.v1i1.14

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Creative Commons License
ASIAN TEFL: Journal of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics by http://www.asian-tefl.com is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://www.asian-tefl.com.
View My Stats
Indexed and Abstracted by:

          


ASIAN TEFL: Journal of Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics

web: www.asian-tefl.com

email: asian.teflj@gmail.com

Publisher: Asosiasi Dosen Linguistik, Pendidikan Bahasa, dan Sastra di Indonesia (Lecturer Association of Linguistics, Language Teaching, and Literature Studies in Indonesia)

Address: Prodi Sastra Inggris, Universitas Dian Nuswantoro, Jl Imam Bonjol No. 207, Semarang